|Syrian Kurds ask why no one helps them|
In contrast to many U.S. strikes in Iraq, little has been done to stop the militants in northern Syria.
By Liz Sly The Washington Post
MURSITPINAR, Turkey — As each shell fired into Kobane by the Islamic State boomed across the countryside, the journalists positioned on a Turkish ridge nearby rushed to train their cameras on the puffs of smoke rising from the Kurdish town just across the border in Syria.
Turkish soldiers swung their heads to look. And the last residents fleeing what appeared to be the final assault on the town turned back to see what had been hit, and whether it might have been one of their homes.
The Islamic State advance on the obscure Kurdish town of Kobane has been watched by Turkish troops, monitored by spectators and broadcast live across the world by news channels since the militants launched their offensive two weeks ago. The town is so close to Turkey that the minarets of its mosques can clearly be seen from the Turkish side of the border, as can some of the movements of the approaching Islamic State fighters.
But in stark contrast to the response to the onslaught against Iraq’s minority Yazidis and Kurds in August, there has been no serious international effort to halt this Islamic State offensive against Kurds in Syria – neither from the Turkish forces deployed in strength around the area nor the U.S. warplanes now flying at will around northern Syria and regularly dropping bombs on Islamic State positions elsewhere.
For the Kurds of Kobane who have now mostly fled into Turkey, the big question is why the United States has not acted to save their town.
‘IF THE AMERICANS WANTED TO’
U.S. warplanes have struck in the vicinity of Kobane on up to four occasions since the offensive began – compared with more than 90 strikes carried out around Iraqi Kurdistan in the two weeks after President Obama ordered the U.S. military back into action in Iraq in June. The most recent U.S. attack was reported by Kurdish activists Friday night and could not be independently confirmed.
The Associated Press reported Saturday that the airstrikes caused casualties, activists said, with one group saying as many as 30 Islamic State fighters were killed.
“If the Americans wanted to, they could finish Daash in one day,” said Hamida Mohammed, 30, using the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State. She was among the last trickle of refugees to flee the abandoned town as the Islamic State began its onslaught Friday.
“We don’t know why they don’t,” she added. “Nobody understands why.”
U.S. officials have struggled to answer the question. Kurdish activists on Twitter have widely disseminated CNN footage of Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel’s stumbling response to a question about the inaction of U.S. forces, in which he said the United States is talking to its “coalition partners” about ways to address Kobane.
“It’s not a matter of us not being aware of it nor not actively looking at the options we have to deal with it,” he said.
The real reason appears to be that the main focus of the U.S.-led air war remains on Iraq, with any strikes conducted in Syria intended primarily to degrade the Islamic State’s capacity to operate there, according to Andrew Tabler of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
“This is about stabilizing Iraq, not about minorities,” he said. “It appears Syria is secondary and strikes are not being carried out with a discernible political or humanitarian strategy.”
U.S. officials asked to explain the inaction in Kobane cast the answer in similar, if less explicit, terms.
Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm. John Kirby noted to reporters Friday that airstrikes had been conducted in the vicinity of the town, adding that if they could be conducted “in such a away that we’re not going to cause any greater damage or civilian casualties, then … we’re going to do it,” he said.
But, he added, “we’re broadly focused, not just on one city and one town. We have to stay broadly focused on the whole region.”
“The focus in Syria has really been about the safe haven they enjoy,” he said. “In Iraq, it’s really been much more focused on supporting Iraqi security forces and Kurdish forces on the ground.”
NO SYRIAN PARTNERSHIP
Syria also presents a far more complex set of challenges than Iraq, where the Iraqi government and the Kurdish regional authorities support the U.S. mission. The United States still has no viable partner in Syria, and State Department spokesman Jen Psaki said the U.S. government is focusing its efforts on working with Turkey to find a solution to the conflict on its border, including the possibility of finding a way to unite rival Kurdish and Syrian rebel factions to save Kobane.
But Turkey remains ambivalent about joining the coalition against the Islamic State, despite the vote in parliament Thursday authorizing military intervention. Turkey is anxious not to take any action that would embolden its Kurdish foes on either side of the border, and the resolution named the Kurdish Workers Party, or PKK – the parent organization of the Kurdish militia fighting in Kobane – as one of the targets of any future military intervention, along with the Islamic State and Syria’s President Bashar Assad.
Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu signaled late Thursday that Turkey might be prepared to act. “We wouldn’t want Kobane to fall. We’ll do whatever we can to prevent this from happening,” Davutoglu told Turkish journalists.
But it remains unclear what Turkey is prepared to do. Kurds say they are bracing to defend Kobane unaided.